Category Archives: General Articles

Oxygen administration and 1st Aid

It may be December but there is still plenty to look forward to in terms of Diver training. And some doesn’t even require to get cold and wet….

We gathered together at 8.30am on Sunday morning at the new club classroom to run an O2 course and review some Basic Life Support skills essential for 1st aid.  Heaters on, Coffee brewed and candidates bright and enthusiastic, we knew it would be a good day.  Lectures were broken up by plenty of demonstrations and hand on practical sessions including BLS (Rescue breaths and/or Chest compressions), using masks, putting casualties into recovery positions, examining casualties and making assessments to decide treatment, running scenarios, assembling and using various Oxygen kits and so on. In fact despite the cool winter temperatures, it was soon time to take the jumpers off as the rescue teams really got stuck into their drills.

By mid afternoon the candidates were ready to run the whole show on their own, finding a casualty, assessing signs of danger, gauging their level of responsiveness and deciding if BLS and/or O2 might be appropriate. At that stage they very effectively worked as team members to do some 1st aid, assemble the O2 kits and administer oxygen while waiting for the emergency services they had already alerted.

Observing the rising level of competence and confidence shown by the candidates throughout the day is a thrill to any instructor, so Helen, Andy and myself were delighted to see them achieve excellent scores on their final theory papers too. Well done and your qualification cards will be issued by BSAC HQ very soon.

A bonus is that the O2 course covers a large chunk of the training required of Dive Leaders, so perfect for any Ocean or Sport diver looking at progressing up the grades.

If you haven’t done this course yet, or would enjoy a refresher, speak to the branch and we look forward to setting a date for the next event.  We will make sure Andy brings more of those awesome biscuits.

Want to learn how to safely administer oxygen?

This one-day course is designed to teach the administration of oxygen as a means on increasing the effectiveness of First Aid treatment of diving accidents. Oxygen treatment takes place on the surface – either on a boat or dry land. This course gives confidence to divers so they can assist with a diving-related injury cialis preisvergleich.
The course concludes with a practical and theory assessment. Only those who pass the assessment will be able to apply for a qualification card.

Drysuit Advice

This time of year a drysuit is well worth having. Here is some further guidance issued by the British Diving Safety Group:

Selecting Dry Suits
A well maintained, properly fitted dry suit can be an important part of any UK diver’s equipment. Dry suits have become extremely popular amongst divers, and are often one of the first major pieces of equipment bought by individuals beginning their diving careers. It is important for anyone using a dry suit to understand the significance of maintenance and fit when using these exposure suits. Ill fitting dry suits are difficult to use and potentially hazardous.
  • A dry suit which floods can result in rapid heat loss from the diver. In very cold water there is the danger of hypothermia setting in very quickly. It may also result in rapid buoyancy loss causing divers to sink or to struggle to attain neutral buoyancy.
  • Dry suits that are too small can result in limited mobility, with divers unable to bend to put their fins on or to manipulate their BCDs. This can create a stressful situation and limit the diver’s ability to react to problems. Overly tight seals can result in a loss of circulation to the hands and head. Warning signs of this include tingling in the hands, skin changing colour, light headedness and difficulty breathing. If left untreated, overly tight seals can cause serious problems for divers and should be addressed immediately.
  • A dry suit which is too large may also result air migration. In suits with legs and boots that are too long or large, pockets of air can move through the suit and gather here. This can result in an increased chance of sudden feet first ascents, particularly in inexperienced students. In extreme circumstances a diver in a suit with legs that are too long can find themselves unableto fin, as their feet come out of the foot pockets and go into the legs of the suit.
You may find it beneficial to review the appropriateness of dry suit accessories, such as ankle weights, and shin wraps which can improve comfort and positioning, and may reduce gas migration.
  • When trying a suit, you should check that the neck seal is secure, but not over tight.
  • When wearing a suit you should not be in discomfort and you should be able to breathe comfortably.
  • You should also check that the seal is not too slack, and that water will not enter the suit when you move your head.
  • Check you can move more fingers and practise manipulating the power inflator on a BCD to check the wrist seals are suitable. Always inspect seals for signs of wear and tear, and possible failure points.
  • Dry suit valves should be checked to ensure normal operation prior to diving, and should be rinsed in fresh water after diving to help clear debris and salt traces from them. All dry suit valves should be regularly maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s guidance.
When wearing a zipped up dry suit, you should be able to bend at the waist and at the kneesensure that your movement is not restricted. Try raising your hands above your head and
crouching at the same time. This will help identify any parts of the suit which are too tight. Check that the boot size is appropriate for you and that the leg length is not excessive cialis kaufen billig. Remember that you will most likely be wearing under suits in conjunction with the suit, and
take this into account when you are trying one for fit. Make sure that your BCD will not obstruct or accidentally activate the drysuit valves.
It is always advisable for divers using dry suits for the first time to receive proper instruction from a suitably qualified individual. If wearing a suit for the first time it is a good idea to either conduct a practise session in a swimming pool, or at a sheltered, shallow site before using it in more challenging locations. In addition to gaining experience with your particular suit, you can also use this session for signs of leaking or for indications that the suit is the wrong fit.
Always check with the manufacturers for fitting advice for their suits if in doubt.